German Lessons

Topics

Cheap, Low-Priced and Inexpensive

Adjectives and adverbs describing the cost or quality of an item in English can have positive or negative connotations, depending on the context. In German however, the words on this topic tend to be a bit more defined. In most contexts, the adjective/adverb billig has negative connotations, such as when a wife finds out her ex-Stasi* agent husband is having an illicit affair with a woman he once interrogated: 

 

Das ist so billig.
That is so cheap.
Caption 2, 12 heißt: Ich liebe dich, Versuch der Verdrängung

 

On a more positive note, you can use the adjective/adverb preiswert

 

Sie können bei uns Getränke umsonst haben und noch preiswert fliegen.
With us they can have drinks for free and still fly inexpensively.
Caption 32-33, Fluglinien: Niki Air 

 

And on an even more positive note, the adjective/adverb günstig

 

Er hat sich ein günstiges Gerät gekauft.
He bought himself an inexpensive device.
Caption 15, Flipperautomaten: Kunstwerke für flinke Kugeln

 

Auch aufgrund der Mietpreise, die hier sehr günstig sind.
Also because of the rent prices, which are very reasonable here.
Caption 20, Jonathan Johnson: Kreuzberg, Berlin

 

Die Gerichte sind günstig.
The meals are reasonably priced.
Caption 12, Universität: Karlsruhe

 

Günstig may also be translated as "affordable" or "low-priced" or even "cheap," but it's important to remember here that it's usually meant positively, and never to indicate that something was of poor quality like the word billig. Günstig also has quite a different meaning in other contexts: 

 

Das Wetter ist hier sehr günstig, es ist einfach schön.
The weather here is very favorable, it's simply nice.
Caption 22, Konstantin: ein Freiwilliger in Israel

 

It's pretty unlikely that weather would be described as "cheap." In this sense, günstig may also be used to describe situations that are fortunate, beneficial, providential, auspicious or merely convenient. A very favorable word indeed!

 

Further Learning
To conclude: billig is usually "cheap" in a negative sense, preiswert is "inexpensive" in a more positive sense, and günstig is "reasonable" in the most positive sense. Günstig also has additional positive meanings. Go to Yabla German to find more examples of all three words used in a real world context and see if you can find some other German words that can also mean "cheap" or "inexpensive."

 

*Stasi is an acronym for der Staatssicherheitsdienst, the secret police in the former German Democratic Republic.

 

Thank you for reading this newsletter and keep up the good work! If you have any good ideas for lesson topics, please email them to us at newsletter@yabla.com, and you can tweet us @yabla.

You May Also Like